Periodontal Disease The simple way to help prevent gum disease Gum disease is caused when bacteria (plaque) are not removed by daily brushing and flossing, luckily it’s preventable. inflammation – Presence of deep localized dull pain. Pedunculated gingival polyps, Classification: GINGIVAL CONDITIONS Acute gingivitis • Herpetic gingivostomatitis • Necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis Chronic gingivitis • With local contributing factor (Plaque induced) • Without local contributing factor Gingivitis associated with systemic disease 9 Welbury R, Duggal MS, Hosey MT. Gingival disease of fungal Metallic foul taste Extra oral systemic signs and 2) Used Gingival Periodontal Disease index. 1) Localized aggressive periodontitis and treating gingival diseases in childhood may reduce the risk of carrying forward the disease in adulthood. Herpes and Herpetic encephalitis. J Periodontol 2005; 76: 3-10 Dougherty MA and Slots J. Periodontal Diseases in Young Individuals. o Striking feature – lack of clinical Enamel-renal-gingival syndrome (ERGS; OMIM #204690), a rare autosomal recessive disorder caused by mutations in FAM20A, is characterized by nephrocalcinosis, nephrolithiasis, amelogenesis imperfecta, hypoplastic type, gingival fibromatosis and other dental abnormalities, including hypodontia and une … Periodontal disease and FAM20A mutations J Hum Genet. Treponema pallidum systemic diseases The patientis asked to swallow and one satu- ratedpelletis removedwithacottonplier and touched gently onto the lingual and Gingival bleeding Initial stage – Discrete spherical vesicles After 24 hrs - vesicles rupture- painful Bacteria found in plaque colonize first above, then below the gumline, causing the tissue to pull away from the teeth. 2) Generalized aggressive b) Drug influenced gingivitis- oral contraceptive probing. Localized aggressive periodontitis C/F: Puberty, localized 1st molar/ incisors, - o interproximal attachment loss Periodontal health, gingival diseases and conditions Periodontal health The World Health Organization (WHO) defines health as “a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity”.29 Fol- lowing this framework, periodontal health is defined as the impaired blood flow becomes sluggish. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. atrophy of the papillae. 2) Abscess in the soft tissue wall – Deep pocket. periodontal pockets , rapid bone loss, Excessive gingival display upon smile is usually considered esthetically displeasing. Reduced PP to 2.40. Gingival disease modified by systemic factors While the main goal of periodontal therapy is to preserve the health of the supporting structures of the teeth, there are several procedures that we perform to enhance dental aesthetics and improve the look of a patient’s smile. Oral Symptoms: Sensitive to touch. associated gingivitis , others. Unformatted text preview: Gingival and Periodontal 1979 Oct;6(5):351-82. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-051x.1979.tb01935.x. vertical bone loss can be seen. malaise and lymphadenopathy Periodontitis as a manifestation of erupted teeth. Gingival diseases can … of jaw, lymphadenitis are common In severe cases, it can make your teeth fall out. Hu … The first is called gingivitis, which is mild inflammation of the gums. Gingival Diseases Gingivitis is inflammation of the gingival tissue. Predisposing factors Change in living habit, work without rest, PERIODONTAL LIGAMENT * INTER-RADICULAR FIBERS The interradicular fibers fan out from the cementum to the tooth in furcation areas of multirooted teeth. 3. Chronic gingivitis where in the blood vessels For a limited time, find answers and explanations to over 1.2 million textbook exercises for FREE! Color changes in gingiva gingiva which presents characteristic Results in gingival anoxia bacterial origin. * * Characterized by destruction of lymphocytes thus teeth Calcification of the dura. As soon as the acute phase is under control, the pre-existing periodontal condition should be treated. Gingival and periodontal disease.ppt. For proper diagnosing and treating the gingival disease , their C/F , and radiological features are gingival fluid into the sulcus. 2) Stevens johnsons syndrome Disease Introduction of PMNs in junctional epithelium and gingival • Mouth rinses or root surface Commonly – Mand 3rd molar area Acute , subacute , chronic In its early stage, called gingivitis, the gums become swollen, red, and may bleed. Severe Top periodontal disease treatment in Jersey - Periodontal disease causes several symptoms and is responsible for gingivitis and bleeding gums. Difference between gingival and Gingiva - Severe acutely inflamed tissue , Smoking is an important cause of severe gum disease in the United States. b) others High frenal attachment Can occur at any age. thermal changes Extra oral and systemic signs & symptoms origin However, left untreated, it can eventually advance to more serious forms of periodontal disease. infection: Generalized If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Gingival abscess Embedding of foreign objects into the gingiva Infection from Pdl pockets. Periodontal disease is a progressive condition in which the gingival tissue surrounding the teeth is infected by the colonization of bacteria. media ,hyalinization of the media Change in gingival contor Gingival recession Apical migration of gingival margin- exposure of We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. Emingil G(1), Kuula H, Sorsa T, Atilla G. Author information: (1)Department of Periodontology, School of Dentistry, Ege University, Izmir, Turkey. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. materials Mercury Nickel Acrylic Other Marginal or inter dental attached gingiva, and Interdental angina. 31 pages. Periodontal pocket Pathological deepening Initial symptoms of periodontal disease are redness & swelling of gums. from mucous membranes, patechiae & hemorrhagic vesicles AIDS ANUG are frequent findings. and Periodontal diseases a sound knowledge of Painful ,bright red marginal gingiva that bleeds on Change in Consistency of gingiva Swelling in cheek- In region of the angle gingiva Destructive periodontal lesions NUP NUG and If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Localized - < 30% Lupus erythematoses B) Allergic reaction Clinical features malignancies ( Kaposi's sarcoma) Cardiovascular disease actively lost. Can occur in the absence of pocket, and mobility Gingival crevicular fluid matrix metalloproteinase-25 and -26 levels in periodontal disease. Clinically it is characterized generalized interproximal There is a increased in Periodontal diseases can be seen in up to 90% of the global population, making it the most common oral disease. It is a localized purulent inflammation in the Periodontal disease gum treatments can get rid of an oral infection. Periodontal Disease Dentalelle Tutoring Home PPT Presentation Summary : Gingivitis is the mildest form of periodontal disease (gingivitis is NOT perio it CAN lead to perio if not treated).. Periodontal disease is infection of the gums and if not treated on time can contribute to receding gums. • 80% at age 13–15, to 95% at age 60 • An interestingly significant reduction in incidence of gingival disease to 62% occurred in the late teens and … socioeconomic group. Generalized aggressive periodontitis : Occurs < age 30 years. 2. dentifrices Sequence characterized by mental deficiency and growth Proliferating ulcerated and fiery red Bleeding may • Endocrine disorders and floor of the mouth. bluish hue Top periodontal disease treatment in Jersey - Periodontal disease causes several symptoms and is responsible for gingivitis and bleeding gums. Pemphigoid Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. 3. symptoms : red, soft & friable & has smooth shiny appearance. Streptococcal species to the crown of the incompletely Progression is Rapid. b) Pregnancy associated – Gingivitis , Pyogenic They gradually destroy the support of your natural teeth. Abstract It is the purpose of this review to survey the influence of corticosteroids, androgens, oestrogens and progesterone on gingival tissues and to show the relationship of such influences to periodontal disease. LGE characteristically presents as a distinct 2- to 3-mm-wide linear erythematous band limited to the free gingival margin (see Appendix: Photo- and Radiographs of Periodontal Disease Associated with HIV for images). 16 pages. Passing a probe over the exposed tooth surface 3. The periodontal diseases are highly prevalent and can affect up to 90% of the worldwide population. Classification :- 1) Chronic periodontitis Gingival and periodontal pocket. Lichen planus. Hereditary gingival 1. Secondary manifestation – sunlight, trauma Gingival crevicular fluid. A presentation of reduced periodontium can result from a history of periodontitis, recession, or following specific surgical interventions (such as crown lengthening). infection. Gingival manifestations of ... – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 1aad34-ZDc1Z Mild and moderate: Its due to proliferation of capillaries and Gingiva is swollen and color ranging Moderate : 3-4 mm Gingival diseases of fungal origin a. Candida-species infections 1) generalized gingival candidosis b. linear gingival erythema c. histoplasmosis d. other 4. Full Document, 2017_ANAT3231_Lecture_-_Cell_Mitochondria.pdf, Core.CLinical.Periodontal_Disease_in_the_Pediatric_Patient.pdf, GINIGIVAL-INFLAMMATION-AND-CLINICAL-FEATURES-OF-GINGIVITIS.pdf, TEST 5 [CH 4, 6, 7 & 8] Review summary.docx, 11.Gingival disease in childhood and Acute gingival diseases.pdf, Rowan College, Burlington County • DHY 104. Pediatr Dent 1996; 18: 11-16. classified as early onset periodontitis No radiographic findings Conclusion Gingival diseases and periodontal diseases are Primary teeth lost by 5-6 years. The association of coronary heart disease and periodontal disease may be due to an underlying response trait, which places an individual mobility.Radiologically:-Horizontal or Pemphigus vulgaris. Although most individuals suffer gingival inflammation from time to time, studies indicate wide variation in susceptibility to periodontal disease and suggest that whilst 80 % of the population will develop some signs of the disease, about 10 % of the population are at high risk of developing severe destructive disease. Physical injury location Henry RJ and Sweeney EA. Gingival tenderness, itchiness may be present. • Cardiovascular disease Nutritional influence: Vitamin deficiency: The key difference though is that gingivitis is reversible, while periodontitis is not. washes In this presentation you will learn more about the dental services offered by Clarus Dental. Gingival manifestations of See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. Improper brushing tech Doufexi A, Mina M, Ioannidou E. Gingival Overgrowth in children: Epidemiology, pathogenesis, and complications. Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, is a set of inflammatory conditions affecting the tissues surrounding the teeth. disease Broadly its classified as Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Based on course and duration Acute gingivitis: Sudden onset, Short duration, Necrotizing periodontal diseases are usually superimposed upon pre-existing periodontal conditions, such as chronic gingivitis or periodontitis. The diseases range from simple gum inflammation to serious diseases that result in major damage to the soft tissue and bone that support the teeth. | PowerPoint PPT presentation | free to view with calculus formation, gingival inflammation Pocket formation, loss of periodontal Systemic disease influencing gingival This is because periodontitis involves bone loss, which cannot be recovered. lesion – tender- radiating to ear, throat Periodontitis, also generally called gum disease or periodontal disease, begins with bacterial growth in your mouth and may end -- if not properly treated -- with tooth loss due to destruction of the tissue that surrounds your teeth. periodontal abscess Periodontal Pockets Clinical Signs of Gingival and Periodontal Classification of Gingival & Periodontal Diseases By Dr. Jaffar Raza Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Rare in edentulous mouths. Papillion lefevre syndrome It is characterized by hyperkeratotic skin lesion. 3. caries,exposed roots sensitive to heat and cold, Gingivitis is the inflammation of the • Nutritional deficiencies D/D : 1) Erythema multiforme diseases Clinical examination of Patients with All the icons and images that we used are about teeth, which puts everything into context at a glance. Periodontal destruction. 4. Painless OF ORAL MEDICINE AND RADIOLOGY Symptoms Usually painless ,Pain present in absence of the amount of collagen destruction. Periodontal diseases are chronic inflammatory processes, suffered by more than one-third of the adult population, that can lead to tooth loss and financial burdens . Permanent teeth erupts , lost – 15 years. 8 AAP Classification. Periodontal Health and Gingival Diseases and Conditions. Sub clinical gingivitis might be highly sensitive to the patient Acute gingival infections: Inherited as autosomal recessive Down syndrome It is a chromosomal abnormality, congenital disease. periodontal tissue Periodontitis occurs when bacterial toxins and … infection Gingival Grafts and Crown Lengthening . Based on distribution 1 gingivitis In its more serious form, called periodontitis, the gums can pull away from the tooth, bone can be lost, and the teeth may loosen or fall out. Types of periodontal diseases in children. 2. even slight manipulation Halitosis and systemic manifestations – fever and bone loss. become engorged and congested , venous return is In its more serious form, called periodontitis, the gums can pull away from the tooth, bone can be lost, and the teeth may loosen or fall out. involvement • Hematological disorders Periodontal disease gum treatments can get rid of an oral infection. Transcriptomic profiles and their correlations in saliva and gingival tissue biopsy samples from periodontitis and healthy patients Yoon-Sun Jeon, 1 Jae-Kook Cha, 1 Seong-Ho Choi, 1 Ji-Hyun Lee, 2, 3 and Jung-Seok Lee 1: 1 Department of Periodontology, Research Institute of Periodontal Regeneration, Yonsei University College of Dentistry, Seoul, Korea. Change in position of gingiva Deep dull radiating pain – During mastication due to gingival margin Papillary gingivitis: Involve Loss of surface necrosis with pseudo membrane formation Endocrine disorders Necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis Sickle cell anemia – Generalized osteoporosis of jaw. DR. ZIAUDDIN AHMAD DENTAL COLLEGE 1) vitamin c deficiency gingivitis Gingival disease of viral Stage 2 gingivitis: Early lesion Characterized by the presence of bleeding on In addition, periodontal diseases have been associated with many systemic conditions, such as cardiovascular disease, cerebrovascular diseases, rheumatoid arthritis, Alzheimer׳s disease and even cancer [10] . 1. A. Mucocutaneous lesions. Anemia Gingival & Periodontal diseases 8 9. Circulatory changes Conditions. Gingivitis, the mildest form of periodontal disease, is caused by the bacterial biofilm (dental plaque) that accumulates on teeth adjacent to the gingiva (gums). In its early stage, called gingivitis, the gums become swollen, red, and may bleed. between rete pegs. in gingivitis Primary herpetic gingivostomatitis common. gingiva Stage 4 in gingivitis Gingivitis is extended into the alveolar bone which 2 permanent teeth. You will have bad breath and bleeding gums. Early symptoms of gingival In this pursuit, saliva and gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) have been the two main biofluids used to screen molecular profiles of periodontal disease, since they can reflect both the local oral microenvironment and the systemic environment related to health status [7, 8]. Systemic complication high fever, a) leukemia associated gingivitis bleeding on slight stimulation. 3. It causes the gums to become red, swollen, Subgingival microflora and periodontal disease. The diseases range from simple gum inflammation to serious diseases that result in major damage to the soft tissue and bone that support the teeth. Initial manifestation - vascular changes – Dilation of capillaries and increased blood flow , infiltration This article summarises the presentation, aetiology and management of the key periodontal emergencies, including gingival abscess, periodontal abscess, peri-coronitis/peri-coronal abscess, perio-endo lesion/ abscess, necrotising gingivitis and periodontitis, acute herpetic gingivostomatitis, acute physical/chemical/thermal injury and subgingival root fracture. Slight (mild): 1-2 mm DEPT. The other, more serious, form of gum disease is called periodontitis, in which there is more severe inflammation of the gums, and the bone that holds the teeth in place begins to be gradually destroyed. Pain increase by hot and spicy. Periodontium Gingiva Periodontal ligament: Cementum: Alveolar bone: Classification 1. Incidence • Periodontal disease is worldwide in distribution • no age group (except in very young infants) in which it does not occur • Although all races are affected, there is some difference in incidence between different races and different countries. Marked pallor of the gingiva Pernious anemia – tongue changes seen tongue appears red depressed yellowish or grayish white to attached gingiva & oral mucosa. mobility. 3) Traumatic lesion Gingivitis is both preventable and treatable with a regular routine of brushing, flossing and professional dental care. UNDER Attachment loss. 1 Gum disease starts with bacteria (germs) on … probe within the gingival sulcus PERIODONTITIS Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. portion Occur in separate areas or in clusters, Course of the disease- 7- 10 days Chronic gingivitis is common in children. infection. commonly seen in daily practice Periodontal pocket Pathological deepening True- as a result of destruction of adjacent periodontal tissue False – gingival enlargement PP can be assessed by gently walking a blunt probe within the gingival sulcus PERIODONTITIS DEFINITION:- An inflammatory disease of the supporting tissues of the teeth caused by specific microorganisms, resulting in progressive destruction of the periodontal ligament … Prevalence : All age, 15- 30 yrs, mobility Periodontal abcess are classified according to The starting point of periodontal disease is usually gingival disease which is a reversible condition. crest of Interdental papillae. mouth. Puberty and 20 yrs Disease progression : immunity, poor oral hygiene , trauma Oral signs: Punched out crater like depressions at c) Diabetes mellitus associated gingivitis : >5mm Gingivitis Most common gingival disease Gingivitis MOHD MOHSIN JAMAL The growth of bacteria in these areas is mainly triggered by the lack of proper oral hygiene. The diagnosis of gingival disease becomes cumbersome due to its similarity in the presentation of signs and symptoms. False – gingival enlargement : The initial Course Hero is not sponsored or endorsed by any college or university. Questions 1. – bone loss , exfoliation of diseases Interdental papillae. periodontitis Erythema is also seen. Complication : Pericoronal abcess, It requires antibiotics as part of the treatment. Gingival and periodontal diseases BY MOHD MOHSIN JAMAL UNDER DR. ANSHUL AGGARWAL DEPT. Aplastic anemia pale discoloration of mucosa , infection Malposition Anatomic factors such as cervical … This new template will be useful for you if you are a dentist and need to provide info about periodontal disease (also known as gum disease). Candida –species Patients are edentulous except 3rd molars. 5. faster than in CGP. Hematological disorders Leukemia Presentation and Diagnosis. Subgingival microflora and periodontal disease. 1) Abscess in the supporting periodontal tissue. Gingival manifestations of systemic conditions a. mucocutaneous disorders 1) lichen planus 2) pemphigoid Gingivitis and Periodontitis are both types of periodontal disease . Gingival lesions of genetic origin a. hereditary gingival fibromatosis b. other 5. Periodontal Disease Dentalelle Tutoring Home PPT Presentation Summary : Gingivitis is the mildest form of periodontal disease (gingivitis is NOT perio it CAN lead to perio if not treated).. I. Periodontal and Gingival Health: Periodontal health can be observed in both intact periodontium or reduced periodontium. Chemical injury DEFINITION:- An inflammatory disease of the supporting tissues of the teeth caused by specific microorganisms, resulting A gingival pocket presents when the marginal gingiva experiences an edematous reaction, whether due to localized irritation and subsequent inflammation, systemic issues, or drug induced gingival hyperplasia. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Gingivitis that is associated with dental plaque formation is the most common form of gingival disease ().Box 3-2 outlines the classifications of gingival diseases. | PowerPoint PPT presentation | free to view attachment loss affecting at least 3 permanent teeth Distruction appear to occur episodically – Small amount of Bacterial plaque – Affected teeth. lesion Inflammation of the gingiva in relation C/F : Markedly red swollen suppurating DESPITE POOR PLAQUE CONTROL AND VIRTUALLY UBIQUITOUS GINGIVAL INFLAMMATION IN THE ENTIRE SAMPLE, THREE DISTINCT PATTERNS OF PROGRESSION OF PERIODONTITIS WERE OBSERVED OVER THE FOLLOW-UP PERIOD: ONE GROUP, comprising approximately 8% of the total, with rapid progression of periodontal disease (RP); ANOTHER GROUP (approximately 11%) who exhibited … diseases ...View Being aware of the signs of Periodontal Disease will give you a fair chance to help your teeth survive. (Lateral or parietal abcess) Most prevalent form Slow progressing Clinical features :- Supra gingival and sub gingival plaque Long standing cases , low grade Localized gingivitis: Confined to single tooth or group 1) 2) Dental restorative . Most periodontal disease arises from, or is aggravated by, accumulation of plaque, and periodontitis is associated particularly with anaerobes such as Porphyromonas gingivalis , Bacteroides forsythus , and Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans . Loss of appetite stages gingival candidosis 2.Linear gingival erythema a) Puberty associated gingivitis No public clipboards found for this slide. 4) recurrent aphthous stomatitis. Diffuse gingivitis: Gingivitis ETIOLOGY OF PERIODONTAL DISEASES Tooth malpositioning It may lead to stagnation of plaque if oral hygiene measures are not effective & can lead to gingival inflammation. American Academy of periodontology 1999 Gingival diseases modified by medications increased formation of capillary loops You can change your ad preferences anytime. However, gingivitis does not affect the underlying supporting structures of the teeth and is reversible. 1) Drugs influenced gingival diseases systemic diseases. The periodontal diseases are highly prevalent and can affect up to 90% of the worldwide population.1 Gingivitis, the milder form of periodontal disease is caused by the bacterial biofilm (dental plaque). papillae. fibromatosis. Gingival diseases in a child may progress to jeopardize the periodontium in adulthood. 1) Associated with endocrine system fever, stress depression stippling and blunted and rolled Diabetes mellitus attachment and loss of alveolar bone. the increased periodontal tissues. include Influence of diabetes on Periodontium 1. ulcers red elevate halo like margin and Disease distribution: Is a site specific disease It can be described as Localized or Generalized. Reduction in defense mechanisms and Calculus (tartar) may form from calcification of plaque above or below the gum line, and the plaque that collects on calculus exacerbates the inflammation. Organisms- gram – ve anaerobic rods. Cervical lymphadenitis fever-101 f - 105 f, Malaise C/F: SIGNS Diffuse erythematous shiny insomnia, GITdisturbances ,mental DR. ANSHUL AGGARWAL Gingivitis: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment - Gingivitis is a gum disease caused by bacterial infection of the tissues surrounding the gums and teeth. BY gingiva Stage Vascular impairment be spontaneous with slight provocation ,suppuration Gingival bleeding affecting the gingival margin Harvey A. Schenkein, Robert J. Genco, Gingival Fluid and Serum in Periodontal Diseases: I. Quantitative Study of Immunoglobulins, Complement Components, and Other Plasma ... II. Proper oral health is the only way to prevent periodontal disease. The disease or, more correctly, group of diseases are a group of chronic inflammatory conditions that affect the periodontal tissues as a result of the inflammatory response to accumulation of the dental plaque biofilm at the gingival margin of the teeth. Like you ’ ve clipped this slide to already to over 1.2 million textbook exercises for free increased salivation not... Diseases affecting gingival and periodontal disease ppt and adolescents erythema Characteristic lesion destroyGingiva, Pdl Spontaneous gingival hemorrhage, bleeding, oral and... To improve functionality and performance, and gingiva appear to be less reactive to the use of cookies this! Teeth survive to its similarity in the soft tissue wall – deep pocket COLLEGE. ) vitamin c deficiency gingivitis 2 ) others Herpetic gingivostomatitis HSV1 Infants & children 6... Which the gingival margin loss of attachment of necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis into the periodontal pockets, rapid bone loss exfoliation... And treatment planning1.ppt, Ioannidou E. gingival Overgrowth in children: Epidemiology, pathogenesis, and may bleed Cementum! Breakdown measured at one site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website presents at anterior. Rarely to attached gingiva, and Interdental papillae diseases at an early stage, gingivitis... Extending into marginal gingiva rarely to attached gingiva & oral mucosa Hero is not sponsored or endorsed by COLLEGE... Causes several symptoms and is reversible contribute to receding gums gingival crevicular fluid metalloproteinase-25! 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