The violence that accompanied the European colonization of the Indigenous people of Mesoamerica is a well-known fact. https://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/spanish-colonial-art-and-architecture, "Spanish colonial art and architecture Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list. They grew a wide variety of cereals, vegetables, and fruits; raised livestock; and consumed nearly all of their production locally. This art form, often called folk lithography, was common in Mexico and Venezuela and was often political in nature. Encyclopedia.com. The cathedrals of Puebla, Mérida, and Guadalajara were also begun in this period.During most of the 17th and 18th cent. Discuss the influences of Spanish colonization to the Philippine literary forms; 3. Andean ArchitectureIn the architecture of the Andean region, as in Mexico, there was richness and inventiveness, but with some significant variations. The actual work of colonization began in 1565, when Miguel Lopez de Legazpi concluded treaties of friendship with the native chiefs. In the colonial enterprises of Spain Historians have elaborated on the devastating effects such colonization had on Indigenous societies, cultures, and mortality. Though influenced by Spanish traditions from the Iberian peninsula, the culture that emerged in the colonial New World was a mixture of European, African, and local Native customs. "Spanish colonial art and architecture The earliest cathedral in the New World, in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic (1512–41), has a plateresque portal on the west facade. In addition to employing the large forms and curving lines of the traditional European baroque, Spanish colonial buildings maintained the contrast between decorated and plain surfaces of the earlier period. Moreover, less obvious than during the Spanish era but no less unjust, the natural resources of the Philippines were developed to support the commercial and industrial interests of the colonizer, this time the United States. In the paintings that occurred decades after the Spanish conquest, artists became more. The Church of San Agustín (1720), with a statue in the central niche dominating the whole facade, illustrates a distinctive type developed in Lima. ). The Spanish conquistadores and colonial empire. The cathedrals of Puebla, Mérida, and Guadalajara were also begun in this period. the sumptuous Churrigueresque ornamentation (see under ChurrigueraChurriguera, José Benito, 1665–1725, Spanish architect and sculptor. A native of Madrid, he won fame for his design (1689) of the great catafalque for Queen Maria Luisa and for his ornate retables, characterized by twisted columns and elaborate leafwork...... Click the link for more information. ) One cannot underestimate the mixture of peoples that occurred with the arrival of Europeans in the Americas starting in 1492. During the United States colonial period of the Philippines (1898-1946), the United States government was in charge of providing education in the Philippines. Columns in Mexico were freely carved with great fantasy; in Peru they were heavy and often spiral. Encyclopedias almanacs transcripts and maps. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. Prezi. "Latinized" America was a diverse, capable, and often complex society. Most of the buildings of this time, including the cathedrals, were built for military purposes and were consequently massive and plain. Spanish and Portuguese men, with enslaved Africans in tow, landed in the Americas and quickly began to father children with indigenous women and African slaves. Practice: Labor, slavery, and caste in the Spanish colonial system. "Philippines art and architecture under Spanish Colonial Rule (1565–1898)" published on by Oxford University Press. In painting, the conceptions were frequently original and charged with remarkable intensity and piety. It has been called ultrabaroque because of its strong light-and-shade patterns, richly carved columns and entablatures, and violent alternations of curves and angles. All art and objects from this region that precede Christopher Columbus’s arrival in the New World in 1492, marking the … In S Peru and in Bolivia native influence in ornamentation, in both technique and representation, pervaded the basic European architectural forms. Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. Initially developed by the Spanish to train local artists in the European tradition for the purpose of proselytizing, the style soon spread through Latin America to places as distant as the Andes, as well as to the places in present-day Bolivia and Ecuador. Such arts were already highly developed in the ancient civilizations flourishing before the conquest of Cortés...... Click the link for more information. period under the Spanish rule from 1531-1898, and the period un­ der the American rule which began in 1898. It has been called ultrabaroque because of its strong light-and-shade patterns, richly carved columns and entablatures, and violent alternations of curves and angles. Baroque features, combined with the inventiveness of native artisans, reached a climax in the cathedral in Mexico City. The main centers were in Peru and Mexico, where there were skilled native artisans and relatively strong political organization. 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